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Graticule Groups
(or Fundamental Properties)
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Azimuthal (or Planar)
* Perspective
* Non-perspective
Orthoapsidal
Pseudoazimuthal
Retroazimuthal
Conic
Polyconic
Pseudoconic
Cylindrical
Polycylindrical
Pseudocylindrical
Composit
Projections that are composed of two or more different map projections.
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Representation Groups
(or Special Properties)
=======================
1) Conformal
2) Equal-area (also Equivalent, or Authalic)
3) Neither Conformal nor Equal-area (also Arbitrary, or Aphylactic)
Consists of any of the following:
3a) Equidistant projections
3b) Approximately Equidistant projections
The Meridional particular scale is a constant value but it's not equal to
the principal scale
3c) Abstandsgleich (German term, no English Equivalent)
Has Equidistantly spaced parallels and variable meridional particular scales.
3d) Abweitungstreu (German term, no English Equivalent)
The particular scale along the parallels is equal to the principle scale.
3e) Absolute Minimum Error projections
Sums of the squares of the errors in the particular scales, integrated
throughout the area mapped, have a minimum value.
3f) Minimum Error projections
Has one or more of the Special Properties but satisfies the secondary
condition that the sum of the squares of the errors in the particular
scale have a minimum value.
3g) Périgonale (French -- No English Equivalent)
The maximum values of Angular Deformation are reduced to a minimum value.
3h) Périhalique (French term -- No English Equivalent)
The maximum values of Area Distortion are reduced to a minimum value.
3i) Périmecoïque (French term -- No English Equivalent)
The maximum values of Linear Distortion are reduced to a minimum value.
3j) Projections that are 'Total Area True' (flächengleich or atractozonique)
and also satisfy some property other than equivalence.
3h) Orthodromic
Projections on which great circle arcs are rectilinear.
3i) Loxodromic
Projections on which rhumb lines are rectilinear.
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Aspect
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Normal (or Direct)
First Transverse
Second Transverse
Simple Oblique
Transverse-Oblique
Skew
Plagal
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References
============
Wray, Thomas, 1974, The Seven Aspects of a General Map Projection,
Cartographica Monograph No. 11
Maling, D. H., 1968, The Terminology of Map Projections: International
Yearbook of Cartography, v. 8, p. 11-65
Lee, L. P., Jan 1944, The Nomenclature and Classification of Map projections,
Empire Survey Review No. 51, Vol. VII, P. 190-200